House Democrats on Monday proposed raising the top tax rate on capital gains to 28.8%, one of several tax reforms aimed at wealthy Americans to help fund a $3.5 trillion budget plan.
The top federal rate would be 25% on long-term capital gains, which is an increase from the existing 20%. (Long-term capital gains are incurred on appreciated assets sold after more than one year of ownership.) Added to an existing 3.8% surtax on net investment income and the total tax bite would be 28.8%.
The new rate would apply to stock and other asset sales that occur after Sept. 13, 2021, the date House Democrats introduced the tax portions of their legislation.
More from Personal Finance:
House Democrats propose new 401(k) and IRA rules for the rich
Democrats aim to expand Medicare amid looming trust fund insolvency
House Democrats propose extending expanded child tax credit through 2025
Starting in 2022, taxpayers would incur the top federal rate if their taxable income exceeds $400,000 (single), $425,000 (head of household) and $450,000 (married joint), according to a House Ways and Means Committee aide.
That aligns with a Biden administration pledge not to raise taxes for households making less than $400,000 a year.
But the capital-gains policy differs from one previously floated by the White House, which had called for a top combined rate of 43.4% on those whose income exceeds $1 million. House Democrats also appear to have omitted a Biden administration proposal to tax capital gains upon the owner’s death.
Democrats broadly aim to make the tax code more equitable and raise trillions of dollars to expand the country’s social safety net and make investments to curb climate change. Those changes are expected to cost up to $3.5 trillion.
House Democrats’ tax proposals aren’t a done deal, however. Senate Democrats may seek different reforms. Passing legislation may not be an easy lift given Democrats’ razor-thin margins in the House and Senate and unified Republican opposition.
In addition to raising the capital-gains tax rate, House Democrats’ legislation would create a 3% surtax on individuals’ modified adjusted gross income exceeding $5 million, starting in 2022.
The bill would also raise the top marginal income-tax rate to 39.6% from 37%. Among other reforms, it would also fast-track a reduction in the estate-tax exemption (to $5 million from the current $11.7 million for individuals) and change the way the wealthy use individual retirement accounts and 401(k) plans.
The bill would also provide $78.9 billion in funding to the IRS to bolster tax enforcement for taxpayers earning more than $400,000 a year.